1940s — Mikołaj Parfomuk Mikolaj as a Young Man – Early 1940sMikolaj as a Young Man – Early 1940’s (back)Velbert City RegistrationTiefenthal Brothers Foundry Postcard – 1920Tiefenthal Brothers Foundry – c. 1956Mikolaj’s German Railroad CardMikolaj (right) and Teodor “Tolek” Iwaniuk in Augsburg (?) #1Mikolaj (right) and Teodor “Tolek” Iwaniuk in Augsburg (?) #2Mikolaj (right) and Friend in Augsburg (?)1948 – Mikolaj1948 – Mikolaj (back)1948 – Mikolaj ID Photo1948(?) – Mikolaj (right) and Janina with friendsMikołaj D.P. Registration – 1945Mikołaj D.P. Registration – 1945 (back)Mikołaj D.P. Registration – 1946Mikołaj D.P. Registration – 1946 (back)Mikołaj D.P. Registration Copy – 1946Mikołaj D.P. Registration Copy – 1946 (back)Mikołaj Assembly Ctr. Registration – 1947Mikołaj Assembly Ctr. Registration – 1947 (back)Mikołaj Hospital Record – May 26, 1946 (p. 1)Mikołaj Hospital Record – May 26, 1946 (p. 2)Mikolaj Emigration – 1949 (p. 1)Mikolaj Emigration – 1949 (p. 2)Mikolaj Parfomuk – early 1950’sMikolaj Parfomuk and Teodor Iwaniuk – late 1950’s?Mikolaj in Cherry Valley, PA – 1959Władysław was very close with his older brother, Mikołaj (Polish for Nicholas). For unknown reasons, Mikołaj was separated from the rest of the family upon entering Germany, and was sent to work in a foundry in Velbert, in the Rhineland near the Netherlands. The foundry was probably the Gebrüder Tiefenthal (Tiefenthal Brothers) steelworks, which manufactured locks and is known to have used forced laborers during World War II.Although he was assigned to labor in Velbert, in March 1944, after four months working in Velbert, Mikołaj decided to rejoin the rest of the family. Without permission, he risked traveling by rail across Germany to Nordlingen, where he presented himself to the local officials. Although the Velbert authorities asked for him to be returned, the Nordlingen officials allowed him to remain at the rail yard (“Well, he is already here”). Mikołaj seems to have avoided punishment for his illegal travel and transfer.