1945 — DP Camps in Germany 1945 – Wladyslaw DP RegistrationUNRRA DP Camps in Germany (1945)IRO DP Camps in U.S. Zone, Germany (1948)Camp Luitpold (Dillingen) CurrencyDillingen in 1939Oct. 14, 1945 – Wladyslaw (rt.) in Dillingen age 14Oct. 14 1945 – back1946 – Wladyslaw (ctr.) in Dillingen1946 – Wladyslaw (ctr.) in Dillingen – back1946 – Wladyslaw (2nd from rt.) in Dillingen1946 – Wladyslaw (left) 1946 – Wladyslaw (rt.) volleyball team1946 – Wladyslaw (rt.) volleyball team1946 – Wladyslaw DP Camp Registration1947? – Wladyslaw age 16May 2, 1947 – Wladyslaw (3rd from rt.) Ingolstadt Trade SchoolMay 2, 1947 – backWladyslaw (center, blurred) and Milkolaj (rt) in Classroom1947 – Wladslaw (back ctr.) Ingolstadt Trade School Class1947? – Wladyslaw and Mikolaj1947? – Wladyslaw, Janina, Mikolaj, Maria, and Justyna (seated)October 1945 — By this time, the Parfomuk family had transferred from Nördlingen to a Polish Displaced Persons (DP) camp — Camp Luitpold in Dillingen, Germany. The DP camps were initially administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). In July 1947, the International Refugee Organization (IRO) started taking over the administration of the camps.The move to Dillingen was the first of several transfers within Germany over the next 4 years for the Parfomuks, as smaller camps closed and consolidated and many refugees refused to return to their “home” countries, now under Soviet control. The Parfomuk family also spent time in the DP Camp in Augsburg and, later, Ingolstadt, where Wladyslaw attended a trade school established for DPs. Although UNRRA and the IRO very aggressively pursued a policy of repatriation, Nikifor and his family refused to go back to post-war Belarus (formerly Poland) for fear of Soviet reprisals–likely execution.